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Foucault distinguishes between despotic power and the limited state (governmentality, physiocratic economic liberalism, economic free market liberal criticism of Nazism in the Ordoliberalismus group), criticizing the state which claims to unify the nation/peopleo within itself and defending economic, societal and personal space outside state control (Barry Stocker: Political theory and the Idea of Europe, Foucault against Habermas). Foucault was a child of the Enlightnement. He supported an alternative concept to disciplinarity.
Foucault had been influenced by a Machiavellian concept of governance. He insisted that the new idea of government concerning large populations is a permanent coup d’ etat because the new form of the state ( whether it is called a monarchy or a parliamentary democracy) exercises its power over the other social and political institutions.
The emergence of a European Polity can not be founded on transcedental unity through intergovernmental structures. “Macht” is legitimated via violence, even in transnational structures like […]

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